Stanton Glantz, PhD's blog

E-cigarettes clobber platelets as much as cigarettes

One of the main ways that smoking increases the risk of heart disease is by activating platelets, cells in blog that stick together and form blood clots.  When you cut yourself, this is a good thing, because it stops bleeding.  When platelets are activated inappropriately, they stick to the lining of arteries (the endothelium) and tear it up.  When a blood clot floating around in your blood stream blocks an artery in your heart it causes a heart attack; when it blocks an artery in your brain is causes a stroke. 
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The evidence keeps piling up: Smoke-free law in São Paulo linked to fewer hospitalizations and deaths due to heart attacks

Tobacco Free Kids recently distributed this summary of a new paper documenting fewer heart attacks following implementation of a smokefree law, this time in Brazil:
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FDA Should Not Extend the Comment Period for its Proposed Product Standard Limiting NNN Levels in Finished Smokeless Tobacco

We submitted this public comment to the FDA last week.  The tracking number is 1k1-8uvs-bibu.  A PDF version is available here.
 
 
FDA Should Not Extend the Comment Period for its Proposed Tobacco Product Standard Limiting NNN Levels in Finished Smokeless Tobacco Products Read more »

How the tobacco industry manipulated public health policy in Nigeria

Catherine Egbe, Stella Bialous, and I just published “Avoiding “A Massive Spin-Off Effect in West Africa and Beyond”: The Tobacco Industry Stymies Tobacco Control in Nigeriain Nicotine and Tobacco Research.  This paper uses tobacco industry documents to show how the tobacco industry to show how BAT and other tobacco companies blocked development and implementation of Nigeria’s first tobacco control law in the 1990s. 
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Evidence that e-cigs depress quitting cigarettes keeps piling up, this time from Japan

Tomoyasu Hirano and colleagues just published “Electronic Cigarette Use and Smoking Abstinence in Japan: A Cross-Sectional Study of Quitting Methods” that adds to the already-strong case that smokers who use e-cigarettes are less, not more, likely to quit smoking.
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Smokefree Laws Cut Heart Attacks (and other bad things): Look At All The Evidence

There is strong and consistent evidence that exposure to secondhand smoke causes heart attacks and that smokefree workplace and public place laws cut heart attacks (and other diseases).
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New UCSF study: There are 5 different trajectories of youth smoking

Many people think about youth who start smoking as a homogenous group.  Lauren Dutra, Nadra Lisha, Anna Song, and I have found that there are actually four different patterns of youth smoking (in addition to people who never smoke a cigarette).
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E-cig only users have fewer carcinogens in their bodies than cigs, but not most people, who are dual users with cigarettes

A new well-done study, “Nicotine, Carcinogen, and Toxin Exposure in Long-Term E-Cigarette and Nicotine Replacement Therapy Users: A Cross-sectional Study,” published in Annals of Internal Medicine, has been attracting a lot of attention from e-cigarette enthusiasts because it shows that levels of carcinogens in e-cigarette users’ bodies is much lower than when they smoke cigarettes. 
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Even non-nicotine e-cigarettes are a gateway to cigarettes and promote youth relapse

Richard Miech and colleagues at the University of Michigan just published a very strong longitudinal study adding more details to not just that but also how and why e-cigarettes are a gateway to cigarette smoking.  To date, all the studies of the relationship between e-cigarette use and smoking have shown a gateway effect.
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Republicans Want to Make the EPA Great Again by Gutting Health Regulations (with lots of tobacco ties)

Sharon Lerner just posted a great story on efforts to redefine science to make issuing health regulations almost impossible.  The people involved have lots of tobacco ties. 
 
A couple paragraphs at the start of her story sum up the situation:
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