- FAMRI Center
Katharine Hammond, PhD
Professor of Environmental Health Sciences, UC Berkeley
Research focuses on exposure assessment as it relates to human health; within this broad category there are three major foci: occupational health, environmental health, and secondhand smoke.
Dr. Hammond’s research has been at the intersection of several disciplines, and much of her scientific contribution has involved the ability to move among these disciplines and to bridge them. Her early work focused on the pulmonary effects of exposures to silicon carbide in manufacturing, the carcinogenic potential of diesel exhaust exposures in railroad workers, and the effects of machining fluids in the automobile industry. She is a nationally and internationally recognized expert in tobacco research and in exposure assessment and is considered the world’s leading expert on exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS). Her initial research led to the development of several methods to measure SHS in the air including both an active and a passive monitor for nicotine. Her work on two major studies of SHS exposure on commercial airlines led to the banning of cigarette smoking on domestic flights.
For the last eight years Dr. Hammond has been engaged in a major epidemiological study of children with asthma which evaluates each child’s exposure to myriad chemical and biological agents on a daily basis. This has lead to further innovative work using pine needles as passive samplers for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In May, 2008, Dr. Hammond received the Dr. William Cahan Distinguished Professor Award from the Flight Attendants Medical Research Institute to develop a set of tools to evaluate secondhand smoke exposure of flight attendants on commercial aircraft from 1950 to the present. Currently Dr. Hammond is continuing a previous study of automotive workers’ exposure to hexane in brake cleaning fluid causing peripheral neuropathy. This study led the state to issue a warning and manufacturers discontinued the use of hexane in the products. Her new research will examine persistent peripheral neuropathy, cognitive effects, and reproductive effects in automechanics in the Bay Area.
Oberlin College, B.A., 1971, Chemistry
Brandeis University, Ph.D., 1976, Chemistry
Harvard School of Public Health, M.S., 1981, Environmental Health Sciences
- Hammond, SK, Leaderer, BP, Roche, AC, and Schenker, M. Collection and analysis of nicotine as a marker for environmental tobacco smoke. Atmospheric Environment. 21:457-461, 1987.
- Hammond, SK, and Leaderer, BP A diffusion monitor to measure exposure to passive smoking. Environmental Science and Technology. 21:494-497, 1987.
- Hammond SK, Coghlin J, Gann PH, et al. Relationship between environmental tobacco smoke exposure and carcinogen-hemoglobin adduct levels in nonsmokers. J Natl Cancer Inst, 85: 474-478, 1993. PMID: 8445675
- Hammond, S.K., Sorensen, G., Youngstrom, R., Ockene, J. Occupational exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. Journal of the American Medical Association, 274:956-960, 1995.
- Hammond, S. Katharine. Exposure of U.S. workers to environmental tobacco smoke. Environmental Health Sciences Perspectives, 107 (Suppl 2): 329-340, 1999. PMCID: PMC1566276
- Heiss, C, N Amabile, AC Lee, WM Real, S Schick, DL, ML Wong, SJ, FS Angeli, PM, ML Springer, SK Hammond, SA Glantz, W Grossman, JR Balmes, Y Yeghiazarians. Brief second hand smoke exposure depresses EPC activity and endothelial function: sustained vascular injury and blunted NO production . Journal of the American College of Cardiology 51:1760-1771 ,2008. PMID: 18452782
- Gan, Quan , SK Hammond, YJiang, Y Yang, T-w Hu. Effectiveness of Smoke-free policy in Lowering Office Secondhand Smoke Concentrations in China J Occupational and Environmental Health 50:570-575, 2008. PMID: 18469626
- Yueh-Hsiu Chiu, JE Hart, TJ Smith, SK Hammond, Eric Garshick and Francine Laden. Nicotine Contamination in Particulate Matter Sampling. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6: 601-607, 2009. PMCID: PMC2672355
- Margolis, Helene, Jennifer K. Mann, Frederick W. Lurmann, Kathleen M. Mortimer, John R. Balmes, S. Katharine Hammond, Ira B. Tager. Altered Pulmonary Function Associated with Highway Traffic Near Residence: The Fresno Asthmatic Children’s Environment Study, International Journal of Environmental Health 19(2): 139-155, 2009. PMID: 19370464
- Demou, Evangalia, Stefanie Hellweg, Michael P. Wilson, S. Katharine Hammond, Thomas E. McKone. Evaluating indoor exposure modeling alternatives for LCA: A case study in the vehicle repair industry. Environ. Sci. Technol.43: 5804–5810, 2009 PMID: 19731680
- Tian, Linwei, Qing Lan, Dong Yang, Xingzhou He, Ignatius T. S. Yu, and S. Katharine Hammond. 2009. Effect of chimneys on indoor air concentrations of PM10 and benzo[a]pyrene in Xuan Wei, China. Atmospheric Environment 43 (21):3352-3355.
- Kraev, Tiffany A., Gary Adamkiewicz, S. Katharine Hammond, John D. Spengler. Indoor Concentrations of Nicotine in Low-Income, Multi-unit Housing: Associations with Smoking Behaviours and Housing Characteristics. Tobacco Control2009;18:438-444 Published Online First: 13 August 2009 doi:10.1136/tc.2009.029728. PMID: 19679890
- Borrelli, Belinda, Elizabeth L. McQuaid, Scott P. Novak, S. Katharine Hammond, Bruce Becker. Motivating Latino Caregivers of Children with Asthma to Quit Smoking: A Randomized Trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2010; 7: 34-43 PMID: 20099948
- Chiu Y-H, Hart JE, Spiegelman D, Garshick E, Smith TJ,...S Katharine Hammond et al. Workplace Secondhand Smoke Exposure in the U.S. Trucking Industry. Environ Health Perspect.2009118(2): 216-221. PMCID: PMC2831920
- Kalkbrenner, Amy E., Richard W. Hornung, John T. Bernert , S. Katherine Hammond, Joe M. Braun and Bruce P. Lanphear. Determinants of serum cotinine and hair cotinine as biomarkers of childhood secondhand smoke exposure. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology. 1-10. March 17, 2010. PMID: 20237497